Due to its position in the centre of Italy and its natural, unspoiled and verdant countryside, Abruzzo is known as the 'Green Heart of Italy'. Its position makes it easily accessible to and from all parts of Italy and the rest of Europe and it has good connections via major roads and railway lines.
Abruzzo is one of the most mountainous regions in Italy and is bordered by the Apennine Mountains to the west. The highest mountain, 2,914 metres at its summit, is the Corno Grande which is part of the Grand Sasso massif. To the east, Abruzzo is bordered by the Adriatic Sea where it has 150 kilometres of coastline.
Due to the mountains, Abruzzo has many rivers, the largest of which are the Pescara and the Sangro, both of which flow all year round, even during the long hot summers. The mountain area is also home to the Abruzzo National Park which is 500 square kilometres of protected countryside where rare examples of Mediterranean wildlife survive, such as chamois, wolves, bears and golden eagles. The area is also a well-known and increasingly popular skiing centre with 21 ski areas and over 368 kilometres of runs with heights comparable to those in many Alpine resorts. Cross country skiing is very popular in this region, particularly around the Gran Sasso area. Other winter holiday activities include mountain hiking and rock and ice climbing.
During the summer months, the coast becomes a hive of activity and has many popular beach resorts with some of the best sand in Italy.
The climate is varied and differs between the mountains and the coast. In the spring and summer it is warm, dry and comfortable although obviously cooler in the higher regions. In the autumn and winter it is dry and cold, but still pleasant, on the coast and inland hills whereas in the mountains it is dry and cold.